Astrocytes are the major cell type in the mammalian brain. They provide a variety of supportive functions to their partner neurons in the central nervous system (CNS), such as neuronal guidance during development, nutritional and metabolic support throughout life . Astrocytes have also been implicated in various pathological processes . Impairment of normal astrocyte functions during stroke and other insults can critically influence neuron survival. Long-term recovery after brain injury, through neurite outgrowth, synaptic plasticity, or neuron regeneration, is also influenced by astrocyte surface molecule expression and trophic factor release . Numerous studies have demonstrated that astrocytes are among the most functionally diverse group of cells in the CNS . Much of what we have learned about astrocytes is from in vitro studies and astrocyte culture is a useful tool for exploring the diverse properties of this cell type.
It is recommended to use Astrocyte Medium-animal (AM-a, Cat. No. SC1831) for culturing RA-c in vitro.
This product is for research use only. It is not approved for use in humans, animals, or in vitro diagnostic procedures.
Upon receiving, directly and immediately transfer the cells from dry ice to liquid nitrogen and keep the cells in liquid nitrogen until they are needed for experiments.
Cells are only warranted if ScienCell media and reagents are used and the recommended protocols are followed.
 Astrocytes, pharmacology and function. Edited by Sean Murphy. 1993 by Academic press, Inc. Van der Laan, L. J. W., De Groot, C. J. A., Elices, M. J. and Dijkstran, C. D. (1997) Extracellular matrix proteins expressed by human adult astrocytes in vivo and in vitro: an astrocyte surface protein containing the CS1 domain contributes to binding of lymphoblasts. J. Neurosci. Res. 50:539-548. Shao, Y. and McCarhy, K. D. (1994) Plasticity of astrocytes. Glia 11:147-155.